Answers to the questions on Strength of Materials.
1. In the cross section of a shaft subjected to torsion, the stress is maximum at what location?
C. At the surface of the shaft
- The shear stress increases from the center (zero stress) to the outer(maximum stress).
- Application: Hollow shaft is a good replacement for solid shaft since only the less stressed portion (the center) is removed.
2. The stress experienced by a body under torsion is…
A. Shear stress
3. The stress experienced by a pressurized vessel is…
C. Tensile stress
-pressure tends to pull (tension) the shell of the vessel
4. The “Maximum Shear Theory”, one of the known theories of failure is also known as…
B. Guest’s theory
5. In the stress-strain curve, it is the point at which there is an appreciable elongation without corresponding increase in load.
D. Yield point
6. What will happen to the stress in a shaft under torsion if the diameter was decreased to half the original?
C. The stress will be increased eightfold
-stress, s=16T/pi(D^3), when you decrease the diameter to half the stress will be multiplied by eight (2^3=8)
7. What will happen to the stress of a body under compression if the force applied to it was doubled?
A. The stress will increase to twice the original
-stress, s = F/A, when, force F is doubled, the stress is also doubled.
8. Bending is actually a combination of two types of stresses…
C. Compression and tension
9. The Mises yield theory of failure is best applied to what type of materials?
B. Ductile materials
10. The slope of the line before the proportional limit in a stress-strain curve is also known as…
C. Modulus of elasticity